Government can sets target, but not mandatory GHG emission reduction. In CDM, the project participants have to carry out the project activities under voluntary basis. Just hope the government is smart enough not to put the mandatory GHG emission reduction. If not, no CDM projects then from landfill and biogas methane avoidance (composting, methane captured from palm industry), etc.
News from The Star:
COPENHAGEN: A roadmap towards realising the 40% reduction of carbon emission per capita from the 2005 level by 2020 will be presented to the Cabinet soon.
Natural Resources and Environment Minister Datuk Douglas Uggah Embas said the plan, which is the country’s contribution to the global fight against climate change, will see Malaysia cutting 50 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO²-Eq) per annum.
(As carbon dioxide is the prevailing greenhouse gas — GHG — that is responsible for global warming, the other five GHGs are computed for their global warming potential — GWP — based on their equivalent value to CO². United Nation data shows that as of 2006, Malaysia emits 187 million tonnes of CO².)
The reduction was announced by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak at the United Nations climate talks here.
Uggah said the cuts would come from the energy and waste sectors.
“We are looking at renewable energy sources and energy-efficiencies projects to provide 11 million tonnes and 9 million tonnes CO²-Eq cut respectively.
“Solid waste reduction will provide the remaining 30mil tonnes CO²-Eq as we plan to increase the recycling rate from 4% to 22% over the next decade,” he added.
He said methane, the most potent GHG which has 24 times GWP than carbon dioxide would be captured from existing landfills and become a vital source of biogas while oil palm waste would be turned into feedstock for biomass-based energy generation projects.
He also said there was a plan to achieve 10% or 1,065MW cleaner energy through switching from coal to gas but did not elaborate. Malaysia has a five-fuel energy-mix comprising petroleum, natural gas, coal, hydro and renewable energy.
He said Malaysia’s emission reduction potential would be further enhanced when the 240 million tonnes of CO²-Eq from its forests are taken into account.